Vulture bees: Honey made from rotten meat

Image by image4you /pixabay. (This is a bumblebee, used for the lack of images of vultue bees).

Like other bees: They live in hives, they fly around to find food, they produce honey to feed their young. But they make the honey from rotten meat.

Why do vulture bees eat rotten meat?

Scientists believe that vulture bees resorted to eating meat off of carcasses, because the competition for food in the habitat is high.

How do they make the honey?

The vulture bee eats meat off a carcass and store the food pulp in its crop, a special stomach-like structure to store food. Back in the hive, it vomits the meat into the mouth of a worker bee, who processes it. The worker bee will then secret a protein rich substance that resembles honey.

More facts about vulture bees.

The stingless insects live in the jungle of South- and Central America. They are unable to collect pollen and have thus developed a taste for rotten flesh. They do not attack living beings, the only go for carrion.

How can the insects process meat?

First of all, they have an extra tooth on their lower jar which helps to cut the meat out of a carcass.

Second of all, they have help. Help from the microbes that live in their gut. These microbes help them to digest the protein and to produce antibiotics. These antibiotics fight of unbeneficial microbes, such as the ones that grow on rotting meat. These are the same microbes that prevent hyena and vultures (the birds) from getting sick after consuming decaying carcasses.

What does Vulture bee honey look like?

Vulture bee honey is clear and has a light brown color. The taste is reported to be slightly sweet. It is much thicker than honey made from pollen and nectar. Theoretically humans can eat it too. Though, knowing where it comes from probably makes it less appealing than conventional honey.

Did you like this article? Then maybe you will like our other publications: Find here, how you can help bumble bee populations or why butterflies have such radiant colors.


References:

  • CAMARGO, J. M., & ROUBIK, D. W. (1991). Systematics and bionomics of the apoid obligate necrophages: the Trigona hypogea group (Hymenoptera: Apidae; Meliponinae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society44(1), 13-39.
  • Figueroa, L. L., Maccaro, J. J., Krichilsky, E., Yanega, D., & McFrederick, Q. S. (2021). Why Did the Bee Eat the Chicken? Symbiont Gain, Loss, and Retention in the Vulture Bee Microbiome. Mbio12(6), e02317-21.

Published by Katrin Heidemeyer

Katrin Heidemeyer ist Doktorandin im Bereich Biochemie an der Wageningen University and Research. Durch ihre Arbeit möchte sie das Wissen über die Spezifität von Hormon-Signalen in Pflanzen erweitern. Da ihre Interessen über Pflanzenbiologie hinausreichen, schreibt sie in ihrer Freizeit über diverse Themen. Von Ernährung zu Psychologie, der Neugierde sind keine Grenzen gesetzt.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Create your website with WordPress.com
Get started